Published at Monday, 12 August 2019. Decoration. By Marie Williams.
Interior design was previously seen as playing a secondary role to architecture. It also has many connections to other design disciplines, involving the work of architects, industrial designers, engineers, builders, craftsmen, etc. For these reasons, the government of interior design standards and qualifications was often incorporated into other professional organisations that involved design. Organisations such as the Chartered Society of Designers, established in the UK in 1986, and the American Designers Institute, founded in 1938, governed various areas of design.
In America, Candace Wheeler was one of the first woman interior designers and helped encourage a new style of American design. She was instrumental in the development of art courses for women in a number of major American cities and was considered a national authority on homedesign. An important influence on the new profession was The Decoration of Houses, a manual of interior design written by Edith Wharton with architect Ogden Codman in 1897 in America. In the book, the authors denounced Victorian-style interior decoration and interior design, especially those rooms that were decorated with heavy window curtains, Victorian bric-a-brac, and overstuffed furniture. They argued that such rooms emphasized upholstery at the expense of proper space planning and architectural design and were, therefore, uncomfortable and rarely used. The book is considered a seminal work, and its success led to the emergence of professional decorators working in the manner advocated by its authors, most notably Elsie de Wolfe.
Commercial design encompasses a wide range of subspecialties. - Retail: includes malls and shopping centers, department stores, specialty stores, visual merchandising, and showrooms. - Visual and spatial branding: The use of space as a medium to express a corporate brand. - Corporate: office design for any kind of business such as banks. - Healthcare: the design of hospitals, assisted living facilities, medical offices, dentist offices, psychiatric facilities, laboratories, medical specialist facilities. - Hospitality and recreation: includes hotels, motels, resorts, cruise ships, cafes, bars, casinos, nightclubs, theaters, music and concert halls, opera houses, sports venues, restaurants, gyms, health clubs and spas, etc. - Institutional: government offices, financial institutions (banks and credit unions), schools and universities, religious facilities, etc. - Industrial facilities: manufacturing and training facilities as well as import and export facilities. - Exhibition: includes museums, gallery, exhibition hall, specially the design for showroom and exhibition gallery. - Traffic building: includes bus station, subway station, airports, pier, etc. - Sports: includes gyms, stadiums, swimming rooms, basketball halls, etc. - Teaching in a private institute that offer classes of interior design - Self-employment - Employment in private sector firms
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